The Recommendations of the Jordanian National Coalition to Reform the Legal Framework Governing the Electoral Process

First: The electoral system and the division of the constituencies,

A- Amendment of the one vote system and replacing it with the mixed electoral system (One vote for one of the candidates of the small electoral constituency; and another vote for the proportional list at the level of the governorate).

B- Re-consideration of the division of the electoral constituencies on more equitable bases that assure relative equality among these constituencies in respect of the number of population; geographical area; distance from the decision-making centre in the capital; as well as the development level. The division of the constituencies must be made through a law, and not by a regulation.

C- Increase the ratio of the quota of women, by allocating one seat for women in every governorate as a temporary measure. The winner shall be the one that receives the highest votes in the governorate. This is in addition to the seats that they receive in the free competition.

Second: The commonality of election and candidature,

A- Determination of the age of the voter so that anyone, who has completed eighteen calendar years of age in the first day of the third month that precedes the determined date of election, can exercise his right to vote.

B- Adherence to the text of article 75/1/5 of the Constitution that has permitted everyone who was convicted of a prison term for more than one year in a non-political crime and was pardoned, to submit his candidature to the membership of the House of Deputies, irrespective of the type of the pardon.

C- Allow the voters outside the Kingdom, and the administratively and legally detained, to exercise their right to vote by putting in place the necessary arrangements that guarantee integrity and neutrality.

Third: Administration of the electoral process,

The establishment of a higher, independent and permanent commission that enjoys neutrality and integrity to supervise all stages of the electoral process; provided that the judicial authority has the greater role in its administration.

Fourth: Guaranteeing the safety of the electoral process and the operations of balloting and vote counting,

A- Activation of the principle of the confidentiality of voting through the voting cabinet; and the development of the form and content of the voting paper so that it contains the name of the candidate and his photograph or a clear symbol that points to him / her so that the voter can mark it, in order to eliminate the phenomenon of the illiterate voting. Necessary arrangements must be taken to guarantee the confidentiality of voting of the visually-impaired.

B- Abrogation of the election registers that adopt the electoral district as one unit, and replace these with sub-registers for the voters in every polling centre within the district. The voter must not be allowed to vote except in the centre in which his name is included in his election register, so as to prevent the possibility of repetition of voting more than once.

C- Transfer of votes:

Prevention of the processes of the transfer of votes except for those who actually reside in the electoral district; including the prevention of the processes of transfer during the year preceding the election; under the risk of criminal responsibility of the voter and the transferor and anyone who helps and participates in the transfer process, contrary to the preceding bases, and the consideration of them all as primary perpetrators.

Transfer must be made after conducting a field material study and not upon fictitious documents.

Subject the transfer processes to challenge by the voters before the elections higher national commission. The decision regarding the challenges of the transfer processes should be subject to judicial contestation before the court of the first instance that is located in the electoral district to which the transfer has been affected within its jurisdiction.

D- Placement of the necessary legal restraints that ensure equality among the candidates; and the protection of the will of the voters through activating and coarsening the penalties that are imposed on the crimes that are committed during the electoral process, foremost among which is the purchase of votes and consciences; and the assurance of the transparency of the information relating to the sources of financing; and assure equality among all candidates in using the national media for sufficient, equal and free periods; and the stoppage of the electoral campaigns forty eight hours from the voting date, under the risk of criminal responsibility.

E- Continue the practice of counting of the voting boxes at the polling centres, and the announcement of the vote counting immediately following the end of the counting of all the boxes at the polling centres.

F- Publication of the electors registers via electronic publication, in addition to the other publication means.

Fifth: Guarantee the safety of the parliamentary performance,

Holding the first university degree must be considered a fundamental condition for anyone wishing to be a candidate for the membership of the House of Deputies.

Sixth: General Recommendations,

A- A deputy must not be granted any privileges that fall outside his legally-determined entitlements and remunerations.

B- Allow the civil society associations to monitor the electoral process in a participatory manner led by the National Centre for Human Rights, in coordination with the elections national higher independent commission.